Sport Nutrition, along with rest and physical work, is one of the factors that most influences an athlete’s physical performance. Thanks to it we can significantly improve both performance and recovery.
WHAT IS SPORT NUTRITION?
Sports nutrition specializes in people who practice sports, and which advises, guides and educates the athlete to know what, when and why they should eat and drink certain foods or others depending on the occasion.
The basis of sports nutrition are the basic criteria of a balanced diet on a daily basis, in order to help us face the hard workouts and promote recovery.
THE IMPORTANCE OF KNOWING ABOUT SPORT NUTRITION.
WHY IS NUTRITION SO IMPORTANT?
A training accompanied by proper nutrition can achieve higher work intensities and duration of the same, in the same way that in periods of rest should also adapt the food and thus promote supercompensation and adaptation to sport.
We always say that sports nutrition does not create “super champions”, but there may be champions who never become champions because they do not eat the right food.
HOW DOES NUTRITION INFLUENCE AN ATHLETE’S PERFORMANCE?
We must not forget the famous quote “we are what we eat”, because a correct diet provides us with the necessary nutrients to maintain an optimal state of health, which is equivalent to better performance and recovery.
Depending on the diet an athlete follows, he/she may notice how his/her performance improves or, on the contrary, it is limited or even diminishes, since a poor diet can favor injuries and even induce fatigue.
WHAT KIND OF SPORTS REQUIRE A MORE SPECIFIC DIET?
Most sports require a nutritional dietary intervention, especially important in sports lasting more than two hours and high intensity (marathons, middle and long distance triathlons, etc.) where the dietary strategy will be key to be able to supply energy throughout the race.
Carbon hydrates provide limited energy stores, but studying a dietary pattern will ensure performance until the end of the race.
HOW TO MAINTAIN A HEALTHY DIET.
WHAT ABOUT SUPPLEMENTS?
Supplements are a great help for athletes who maintain an adequate diet and do not meet all their needs.
Personalized supplementation, according to the individualized needs of each athlete and its responsible and well-planned use is a great advance in sports nutrition that we must take into account.
HOW DO WE KNOW IF OUR DIET IS BALANCED?
A balanced diet is one that covers all the needs of both macro and micronutrients according to the physical activity that we carry out in our daily lives and the physical characteristics of each person (age, sex, physical build and lifestyle).
It should provide sufficient energy and should be as varied as possible, including all the important food groups, preferably of natural origin (cereals, vegetables, fruits, meat, fish, eggs, nuts, dairy products and/or derivatives and olive oil).